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Provide for the aged serves

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发表于 2020-8-13 10:08:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Inside the inn of a medical makeup of division of Japanese Tokyo acerbity cereal, a senile worker is serving for the client. People visual sense
England east York county inside a beadhouse, the old person is interacting with pony foal. People visual sense
In France Boerduo, a beadhouse uses a robot to serve retired old people, assist them to begin motion and other recreational activities. People visual sense
As economic society development progresses, population is aged the task that makes the whole world make multilateral home and area be faced with generally. The happiness that how satisfies old people to grow increasingly better gives birth to lively demand, how run the city " precision " translate into provide for the aged serves " spend definitely " , the city of a lot of countries undertook is full of the exploration of effect
Germany
The provide for the aged that occupy the home still is the mainstream
Try " much more acting house " new pattern
The People's Daily is stationed in German reporter flower to put
"Young neighbor can accompany me to go the government sector handles affairs, when there is accumulated snow on winter road, still can support sb with hand I go out to take a walk, everybody takes care of the grass of beautiful flowers and plants in the courtyard jointly, the small bunny that still can be neighbour child firm adopt to come back together even takes a shelter... when I need to help, can press the doorbell of noisy neighbour home at any time. Be together with them, I do not feel alone. " year even more the scheme of check of · of Sa of Er of black of Berlin old person of 9 a period of ten days describes her to be in so Sileideciji ave the life of 44 new homes.
Sileideciji the ave is an old building that owns hundred years history of even more 44, already suited to live no longer originally. Later, german federal family, old people, woman and young work ministry and Berlin tenement federation choose his for " much more acting house " example, undertook to the building modernization is transformed, installed trouble-free establishment. The building after transforming leaves old people and physical disabilities public figure one part boarding house beforehand, the different age that chooses to think independent life is willing to participate in a society to interact again already paragraph tenement. "Much more acting house " the public stateroom that first floor has a 40 square metre, for resident people hold affection of activity, communication to reach recieve call in close friend. The sitting room still holds information and the function that reveal a center concurrently, convenient the citizen that have fun at and orgnaization understand very much more " much more acting house " the life inside.
Daniaila Hull is in charge of at present " much more acting house " government works, she and daughter of 9 years old also are the resident of apartment at the same time. Hull says: "Often go slowly when people when, need to manage the place that make one's home not only, also need corresponding social environment, ' much more acting house ' can satisfy requirement of this two fields at the same time. Mutual between good-tempered it is different age paragraph the foundation that the person can live below same eave. " be in " much more acting house " in, such old person gets case plan come from young neighbor more cares, empty nest feeling is reduced greatly, the society participates in feeling and life happiness feeling to increase apparently.
Regard improvement as the important step of old people surroundings, "Much more acting house " modernization and trouble-free establishment transform the support that got German government. Germany revives credit bank to transform a project to offer add up to the low interest of 100 million euro borrows money, every housing unit is highest and OK the loan that gets 50 thousand euro; If private house-owner is willing to undertake transforming, what also can obtain 5000 euro is accessorial.
The data of bureau of German federal statistic shows, germany the senile population of 65 years old of above already from 1991 12 million increase to 17.9 million 2018, scale of population of old age of the corresponding period also rises to 22 % from 15 % . During this, population of advanced age of 85 years old of above is more come from 1.2 million leap 2.3 million.
Although be in " much more acting house " in how to spend old age to get of a lot of old people love, but the means of provide for the aged of future of this kind of with a view to still extends phase in the experiment, have not predominate. According to the statistic of ministry of German federal family, total heart is current and only 540 " much more acting house " . Official data shows, the German old people of 90% above chooses to reside a provide for the aged, the person with only very small proportion chooses the communal orgnaization such as beadhouse. The surroundings that does not wish to leave oneself to be familiar with, beadhouse nurses cost is high etc, it is the main reason of provide for the aged of home of house of first selection of German old person.
Because house home provide for the aged still is the mainstream, germany rolls out relevant law provision since January 2015, if emergency is broken out in the home, near need is taken care of, employee can take off hillock temporarily most 10 weekday, the income during this is nursed technically by the government supportive gold safeguard; In addition, if near need is in the home nurses, employee can apply for successive of 6 months off or instead blame is full-time the job. Nevertheless, nurse the holiday applies to the company that has 15 above stuff only.
If need major to nurse,serve, the old person of Germany that occupy the home can choose to nurse the orgnaization offers daytime to nurse. These nurse professionally service often the price does not poor. Germany nurses at was being rolled out 1995 insurance system, after already becoming insurance of afterwards medical treatment, unemployed insurance, endowment insurance, legal inductrial injury to be sure, the 5th big pillar of German social security is safe. According to integrated body state, policy-holder is nursed for 5 by cent grade, the nursing that enjoys different specified amount to spend according to different grade is safe. Even so, nurse be sure and cannot enclothe nurse entirely charge, the part nurses cost still needs to provide for oneself. If old person financial insolvency this charge, the society relieves a branch to be able to intervene, according to economic atmosphere of spouse, children, inspect condition complemental nurse cost gap. Profit from nurses insurance system, quality of a lot of old person life rise apparently.
(report of People's Daily Berlin)
Japan
Essence of life understands old person requirement definitely
Joint venture provides a service
The People's Daily is stationed in country of Japanese reporter Liu Jun
Bell wood lady of 80 years old is weekly most the lunch that those who expect is Zhou Er, because she can come to the Tokyo that she is in look black area beadhouse and other old person are surrounded,sit together, sample delicate, satisfied chat.
This communicates lunch suddenly, bell wood wants a responsibility only 400 yen (1 yuan of RMBs close 15.2 yen about) , other by eye black area government comes allowance. Like looking black area has a lot of to reside wood of old image bell alone, once a week dine together regard significant activity.
Look black area has 280 thousand population about, among them population of 65 years old of above has 55 thousand, include to make an appointment with 20 thousand to rank an old person alone. The class of senile happiness and benefit that looks black area government is in charge of old people general affairs has many 40 staff member only, jiashangshe reachs the other department clerk of old person general affairs, gross also with respect to 50 much people. 50 much people let 55 thousand old people how enjoy old age, it is the problem that looks black area government needs to had been solved.
"Solve trouble back at home to help old people better, we must understand the requirement of old people, undertake classify to their demand, undertake cooperative with enterprise of relevant domain major next, serve good old people jointly. " Ying Erlang of long mountain pass of tax of tax of happiness and benefit of advanced age of government of eye black area looks to introduction of our newspaper reporter old people of black area government works " recipe " .
Eye adopted to reside old people to register a system alone before black area government is old, after residing an old person to register pertinent information alone, can enjoy the welfare policy of specific aim. At present about 6800 reside an old person to already was registered alone. Government of eye black area entrusts professional corporation to give every week reside an old person to hit a phone 3 times to affirm safety alone. If 3 times the phone is not contacted,go up this old person, suffer entrust an enterprise to be able to be in tell government of eye black area the circumstance for a short while, look black area government will contact the urgent contact person that has registered in time, acknowledge relevant condition, if have,need will reside the visit in a respectful form of address for an old person alone.
It is difficult to reside an old person to cook alone considering some, open of government of eye black area special " outside sell a service " . Look black area government contacts special meal company, to there is the cate of old person cooking of demand inside the area. Meal enterprise faces an old person to offer a variety of soft dish of sodden, digestible is tasted. Besides, the meal that meal enterprise still prepared to be aimed at all sorts of diseases such as disease of diabetic, kidney designedly is fed. The cheapest formula, the old person needs to spend 374 yen only, the most expensive formula, old person burden 541 yen, government of eye black area is every meal allowance 200, 300 yen.
Break out a problem to answer what reside an old person to may appear alone, look black area government still cooperates with security personnel company, reside the setting in a respectful form of address for an old person alone in what have need " one key is urgent call pushbutton " . Rank an old person alone when the body is unwell, need to press only this pushbutton, security personnel company can be in in sending a person to hurry to the home for a short while, understand relevant situation, send an old person go to a doctor.
Eye black area still begins all sorts of respecting old activity, extend for the old person condolatory gold. The 5000 yen ready money that extends in the area can be gotten when looking black area resident mixes 90 years old in 80 years old, 100 years old can get ready money of 10 thousand yen.
The habits and customs that keeps good to let old people, maintain physical ability, government of eye black area besides often hold all sorts of healthy chairs besides, still encourage old people to enter sports activity actively. Each gymnasium have price privilege to old people. In eye black area inside each public gymnasium, often can see all sorts of sports activities that face old people technically. "The natant class of old people of 60 years old of above will begin to hold on September 7, altogether 6 classes, greeting everybody signs up actively attend. " the order that published a few days ago carried the placard message that faces old people first so on black area newspaper, natant class very the reception that gets old people.
(report of People's Daily Tokyo)
France
Service of provide for the aged differentiates meticulous
Cure raises union not to have distinguishing feature
The People's Daily is stationed in French reporter Liu Lingling
On July 14, in Paris the name is Marie Weiniai break can in old person beadhouse, a small-sized concert is being held in floret garden. Old support of the people protects worker worker people bath is in afternoon in sunshine, wearing guaze mask, maintaining removed distance, admire this concert that plan meticulously by this beadhouse and organizes.
This is a private blame seeks profits sexual beadhouse, the function resembles a hospital again like guesthouse already. The old person can get professional medical service protects personnel to take care of not only here, still can attend nonsked the varied socialization such as held salon, bake, ball and culture activity, satisfy the mental requirement of old people. Current, orgnaization of French home provide for the aged already exceeded 13 thousand, among them, public blame seeks profits sexual beadhouse is occupied it is than making an appointment with 40% , private blame seeks profits sexual beadhouse is occupied 29% , private seek profits sexual beadhouse is 22% . In addition, still have service center of community provide for the aged. Share nearly 1 million old person to choose orgnaization of provide for the aged.
France is in early entered 1865 aged society, it is the first is entered aged social country. In long-term exploration and practice, france was formed gradually give priority to in order to occupy the home, the orgnaization is complementary diversity provide for the aged serves a system.
In national policy level, french government is driven actively multivariate force participates in provide for the aged to serve industry, refine service territory, offer for the old person " essence of life serves definitely " . In relevant policy support falls, france appears in recent years a lot of successful live out one's life in retirement serve an industry. Group of Europe nurture front courtyard is group of Europe's biggest rehabilitation of provide for the aged, its serve cent to be protected for cure model hospital of orgnaization of provide for the aged, rehabilitation and psychological rehabilitation center 3 kinds big. Ou Beiyi group basically reachs physical disabilities personage to offer for old people come to serve to nurse with the family. Luo Gelang group devotes oneself to to be orgnaization of provide for the aged and house home provide for the aged to offer intelligent solution.
France built system of relatively complete medical treatment provide for the aged, in the light of diverse demand corresponding medical treatment serves mode, the pattern that this kind of cure raises couple is one of significant advantages of system of service of French provide for the aged. Be aimed at mode of the provide for the aged that occupy the home, the hospital can be offerred come to serve. Be aimed at mode of provide for the aged of orgnaization of provide for the aged, beadhouse itself can begin corresponding medical treatment service, in addition still built with the hospital turn examine system. This kind of mode provides professional health government service for the old person not only, at the same time communal orgnaization and privately owned clinic form a network, can offer for the senile group of whole France more the society of high quality and medical treatment nurse.
A few days ago, in a beadhouse of Parisian outskirts, the life of old people because " grant whatever is requested " the affiliation of new friend increased a lot of new interest. This the name is " assist is breathed out " company intelligence robot can recite the news, weather that sow a newspaper not only, still can guide old people to do training together, dance. "This reduced the working intensity of paramedic not only, still help old people study use product of burgeoning science and technology, letting digital science and technology is frosty machine no longer to them. " Margaret expresses the paramedic of beadhouse.
Wisdom provide for the aged also is in recent years the trend of one great progress of service industry of French provide for the aged. Industry of provide for the aged is passed related to application of newest science and technology and artificial intelligence couplet, achieved apparent industrial linkage, it is the beneficial exploration that extends pattern of new-style provide for the aged. Be in Paris for example, the innovation sex that is aimed at old people group assists a solution remotely to already was used by a lot of families. This long-range assistance the solution can detect automatically through sensor fall, the body is unwell wait for unusual situation, transmit phone service center with the form of alarm, the service center will send personnel to provide help or center of announcement emergency treatment according to the circumstance.
According to statistic, up to on January 1, 2020, france in 67 million population, scale of population of 65 years old of above is 20.5% . Population of university of state of Parisian all alone is geographical Lang Chalade points out domestic the name of a river in Shaanxi and Henan provinces, france still needs to raise the receptivity of beadhouse further, increase pair of paramedic groom and give aid to strength, explore more convenient and efficient service mode, in safeguard old people health is mixed have honor while the ground is living, satisfy requirement of old people individuation.
(report of People's Daily Paris)
Format design: Cai Huawei
" People's Daily " (on July 28, 2020 the 18th edition)
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